# HP Prime for All

English  Русский

Author: Edward Shore (original article)

This is the second issue of a series of tutorials for the HP Prime, written by Edward Shore. In this session, we will cover MSGBOX, IF-THEN-ELSE, PRINT, and the FOR loop. If you have programmed with the HP 39g, 39g or 39gII, you will recognize the programming as the HP Prime programming language (HPPP) is similar. We are using the latest firmware in this series, available on the website.

### MSGBOX

MSGBOX(n, a, b) takes a string a makes a pop-up message box. Program execution stops until you press a key to acknowledge the message.

Access: Cmds, 6(I/O), 8(MSGBOX)

The program COMLOCK: Imagine that you are in charge of setting the combinations for the good, old-school combination locks. This program gives three digit combinations through the use of MSGBOX.

Other commands that are featured:
RANDINT(n, a, b) generates a list of n integers between a and b. You can leave n out if you desire a single random integer. Picks may be repeated.

The HP Prime's default list variables are designated L0 through L9. EXPORT COMLOCK()
BEGIN LOCAL L0;
L0 := RANDINT(3, 0, 39);
MSGBOX("SECRET: "+L0(1) + ", "+L0(2) + ", "+L0(3));
END;


Here is a sample output for COMLOCK:

Tip: You can leave out the ELSE part if you only want to test to see if a condition is true. Access the simple IF-THEN structure by pressing: Tmplt 2 (Branch) 1(IF THEN). ### IF-THEN-ELSE

IF-THEN-ELSE: Program structure:
IF condition THEN // execute if the condition is true;
ELSE
// execute if the condition is false;
END;


Access: TmplIt 2 (Branch) 2 (IF THEN ELSE)

Access <, ≤, ==, etc. by pressing Skey:6.
Note that the double equals is needed to check equality ### PRINT

The PRINT command prints a sting, result, or a combination of both onto the Prime's Terminal screen. If PRINT is used, the program will end on the terminal (text output) screen. Press a button to exit.

You can access the terminal screen at any time by pressing the O button, holding it, and then pressing the / button.

Access: Cmds 6(I/O) 9(PRINT)

Tip: To clear the terminal screen, type PRINT(). This is a good way to clear the terminal screen and I usually use this at the beginning of any program if PRINT is going to be used later on.

The program QROOTS (yet one more quadratic solver, sorry for not being original guys and gals), demonstrates the use of IF-THEN-ELSE and PRINT.

Here I set the setting variable HComplex to 1, which allows for complex number results.

EXPORT QROOTS(A, B, C)
BEGIN LOCAL D;
PRINT();
HComplex := 1;
D := B^2-4*A*C;
IF D ≥ 0 THEN PRINT("Roots are real.");
ELSE
PRINT("Roots are complex.");
END
PRINT((-B+√D) / (2*A));
PRINT((-B-√D) / (2*A));
END;


Examples:

QROOTS(1,5,8) returns:

Roots are complex.
-2.5+1.32287565553*i
-2.5-1.32287565553*i


QROOTS(2,-4,-8) returns:

Roots are real.
3.2360679775
-1.2360679775


### FOR

This section will explore the basic FOR structure:

FOR variable FROM start TO end DO commands;
END


All the commands in the loop will be executed a set number of times.
Each time a loop finishes, the variable increases by one.
The loop terminates when variable=end.

Access: Tmplt, 3(LOOP) 1(FOR)

The program SUMDIV takes any integer and adds up the sum of its divisors.
For example, the divisors of 12 are 1, 12, 2, 3, 4, and 6. The sum is 28.

Featured Commands in SUMDIV:

idivis: idivis(integer) returns a sequence of all of the divisors if integer.
Access: b CAS 5(Integer) 1(Divisors)

Any CAS command used in programming will be preceded by 'CAS.'
Not all CAS commands can be used in HP Prime programming at this time.

DIM: returns the dimensions of a sequence, string, or matrix.
DIM must be used instead of SIZE to prevent a Bad Argument error.

For sequences or vectors, DIM returns the length in a list {length}.
For strings, DIM returns length as a number.
For matrices, DIM returns the list {number of rows, number of columns}.

Access: Cmds 1(Strings) 9(DIM)

EXPORT SUMDIV(N)
BEGIN LOCAL S := 0, K, mdiv, ldiv;
mdiv := CAS.idivis(N);
ldiv := DIM(mdiv);
FOR K FROM 1 TO ldiv(1) DO S := S+mdiv(K);
END;
RETURN S;
END;


Examples:
SUMDIV(12) returns 28.
SUMDIV(24) returns 60.
SUMDIV(85) returns 108.